Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s plan to build a wall to stop illegal immigration along the entire 1,954 miles of the U.S border with Mexico is one of his most popular proposals – especially because he say he’s going to make Mexico pay for it. The wall is so controversial that former Mexican President Vicente Fox publicly declared that Mexico is not going to pay “for that fucking wall.”
One factor in Trump’s favor is that Congress passed, and President George W. Bush signed, the REAL ID Act in 2005. Section 102 of the act gave the Secretary of Homeland Securitysole discretion to ignore all laws when building border walls. According to this controversial provision, the only way a new border wall can be challenged in court is if it violates the U.S. Constitution.
A lot of arguments are being made for and against building the wall, and most of them are being made by people, like Trump, who have little firsthand knowledge of the situation along the border. But many Americans who live along the border in Arizona and New Mexico have come out against it – despite the fact that undocumented immigrants are causing serious problems for them.
“It doesn’t matter how tall of a wall you put up, they are going to tunnel under it, they are going to torch through it,” said New Mexican Erica Valdez, who has a ranch in the southwestern corner of the state. She was attending a March 10 public meeting about border security in Animas, NM.
In the border town of Nogales in neighboring Arizona many residents showing up at the polls to vote in the state’s March 22 presidential preference election also expressed a negative opinion about the wall.
One longtime Nogales resident told an Arizona Republic newspaper reporter that, “No matter how high, how thick or how good you build a wall, the Mexicans will find a way to come across. I will bet anyone they do.”
Another said a wall, “would be a waste of money. How many billions is it going to cost? That’s money that can go to something else.”
And another agreed that a wall, “is not practical. It costs too much money.”
The best way to control illegal immigration, these people agreed, would be to place more U.S. Border Patrol agents on the border.
On July 31, 2018, the Trump administration said it was waiving 37 environmental laws and regulations to build prototypes of the president’s planned border wall and to replace the existing border infrastructure along a 15-mile stretch of the U.S.-Mexico boundary near San Diego.
The 14th Amendment was passed after the Civil War in 1868 by a Republican-controlled Congress as part of the Reconstruction Amendments, which were designed to prevent discrimination and protect the civil rights of all Americans. It includes a Citizenship Clause wherein it declares that, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”
Several Republican presidential candidates have recently called for the end of birthright citizenship, as it is defined in the 14th Amendment, because they complain it encourages undocumented immigrants to enter the country to have “anchor babies.”
Republican front-runner Donald Trump, for example, has called for a legal test case to see if Congress has the power to deny automatic citizenship to the children of undocumented immigrants because of the amendment’s phrase “subject to the jurisdiction thereof.” Other Republican candidates have called for a constitutional amendment to revise the 14th Amendment.
I know from firsthand experience that anchor babies are real problem, but I don’t think we need to go so far as to tamper with the 14th Amendment to solve it, as there are better options.
But I think modern Republicans have a bigger problem to address than anchor babies. I’m talking about how ignorant most of them are about their own party’s political history, and how distant their current opinions are from it.
On October 30, 2018, President Donald Trump announced he was going to sign an executive order to end birthright citizenship. He claimed, “We’re the only country in the world where a person comes in and has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States.” Like many of Trump’s claims, this was false, as numerous countries provide birthright citizenship. Most legal scholars believe the courts will find the executive order to be an illegal violation of the 14th Amendment.
Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump held a campaign rally during the afternoon of July 11 at the Phoenix Convention Center – and I was there.
I’m not a Trump supporter. I consider him a con artist and a jerk. But local Sheriff Joe Arpaio’s mounting legal troubles, the U.S. Supreme Court’s legalization of same-sex marriage, and South Carolina’s decision to take down the Confederate flag from the state Capitol grounds had given me hope that the U.S. had turned a cultural corner and the right-wing purveyors of ignorance and hate were finally on the run.
After all, it had only been a week since Trump had received widespread condemnation for claiming that most of the undocumented immigrants from Mexico were rapists. And Arpaio, who was scheduled to speak before Trump, had recently been forced to admit that his office had committed racial profiling against Latinos in response to a lawsuit file by the U.S. Department of Justice. Since Arizona’s population is about a third Latino, and most of them live in the Phoenix area, I figured there’d be a good turnout of protestors. I wanted to join them and help celebrate a bright new dawn for politics in Arizona. To say that I was disappointed would be an understatement.
I drove downtown with a like-minded friend to the Phoenix Convention Center and discovered there was an enormous line of people waiting to get in. Afterwards, Trump claimed that more than 10,000 people attended the rally, although the local Arizona Republic newspaper claimed it was only about 4,200. But I think Trump’s number was closer to the truth. The convention center building takes up an entire city block and the line of people waiting to get in wrapped around the building twice. It was even more depressing to see that so many people were willing to wait outside without water in health-threatening 106 degree to hear him speak.
Still, we didn’t give up and looked for some protestors. We didn’t see many as we approached the building, just a few scattered about with signs denouncing Trump and Arpaio. So we decided to walk around the entire place to look for more.
At one of the corners there was a lot of foot traffic from Trump supporters using the crosswalks to get to the event. There was a single protestor with a sign standing near the corner to greet them. We overheard one of Trump’s supporters complain to a Phoenix police officer that the protestor shouldn’t be allowed to obstruct pedestrians, and the officer should arrest him for breaking the law. The policeman told the man to keep moving and then rolled his eyes and said, “It takes all kinds.”
We finally found most of the protestors grouped in front of the event’s main entrance, on the building’s north side. There were only about 100 of them, but they were well organized and had plenty of signs and were using bullhorns to coordinate some clever chants. It was encouraging to see that all races were represented. Many of the Trump supporters, which were almost entirely white, seemed dumbfounded to encounter people that disagreed with them. (Maybe they were worried they were going to get raped.)
The protest leaders with the bullhorns would change the chants every few minutes. Their best one was probably, “No more hate!” But I also liked, “White silence is racism!” My friend’s wife had suggested, “Don’t let Trump, stump Arizona!” He asked one of the young latina protest leaders if she wanted to use it and she said yes and it was a success.
At one point the Trump supporters waiting in line began chanting “USA!” But the protestors countered by chanting it even louder, drowning them out. That was a good moment.
Arizona’s National Reputation Gets Another Black Eye
“Down the long lane of the history yet to be written America knows that this world of ours, ever growing smaller, must avoid becoming a community of dreadful fear and hate, and be instead, a proud confederation of mutual trust and respect.” – Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower
Every now and then one of the Trump supporters would break from the line and approach the fence the police had set up to separate the two groups to launch a personal verbal assault against the protestors. There was one old white woman with long, unkempt gray hair, dressed in cowboy jeans and boots with a Western style shirt of red, white, and blue that kept running over to scream at the protestors while pointing a hate-filled finger in their faces. The protestors would yell back at her and a policeman would come over to stand in front of her and tell her to calm down. She would nod her head and return to the line, but she came back to scream at the protestors again at least three times.
It was hot and we didn’t have any shade or water so we only stayed about a half hour. As we walked back around the building to go to the parking lot across the street we still couldn’t see any end to the line of people waiting to get in.
On the way home we talked about our experience and we both agreed that it made us ashamed to be Arizonans to see that there were so many people in our state that supported Trump. We also agreed that maybe we should consider moving to a more educated part of the country. The only encouraging thing about our experience was the realization that Trump was helping to make it clear to more Americans that the modern Republican Party bears no resemblance to the party of Lincoln.