The temperature exceeded 110 degrees this afternoon here in metro Phoenix and it’s supposed to do it again tomorrow. This is the time of year when all of our friends and relatives living in the Midwest or back East take their revenge for the smart aleck text messages that we sent them to during their cold winter months.
Most of us Sonoran Desert dwellers don’t consider the weather to be too warm until it hits 100 degrees or more because the low humidity makes the heat more bearable. When it reaches about 105 it’s getting hot. When it hits 110 it’s really hot, and when it’s 115 or higher it’s scorching. (Yes, it usually gets hotter than 115 at least a couple of days each summer.) It’s difficult to describe how it feels to walk outside in the sun when it’s 110 or more. I think the best analogy would be that it’s like putting your head in a pizza oven.
Some people claim that putting up with our summer heat isn’t much different than having to put up with freezing winter weather. There are some similarities. But in cold weather you can put on warm clothes and survive. During the summer in the Sonoran Desert, however, there isn’t any level of clothing that can save you from the heat. You have to have a large supply of drinking water to stay outside for more than a couple of hours. It’s simple physics. Still, every summer there are a couple of tourists or newcomers who go out in the daytime heat for too long without enough water. The results are corpses too desiccated to rot.
But most Phoenicians will agree that the real danger from the summer heat is the drivers that don’t have air conditioning in their vehicles. The local rush hour traffic is bad enough to make commuters crazy, but things can get scary when extreme heat is added to the equation. If you’ve lived here through at least one summer you know to avoid driving close to vehicles that have their windows rolled down on hot afternoons.
Some drivers without air conditioning are more dangerous than others. Those that drive Hummers, Lincoln Navigators, and Cadillac Escalades are among the worst. That’ because they’re irrational people. They were willing to spend a lot of money to buy a low-mileage, luxury SUV that they’ll probably never drive on a dirt road, but were too cheap to pay to have it outfitted with air conditioning.
The very worst drivers without air conditioning, however, are minivan drivers. Although they’re driving behavior is a year-round a problem.
The U.S. Census Bureau recently released new poverty statistics which showed that about 16% of Americans, or about 50 million people, lived in poverty in 2012. These higher numbers should provoke discussions about the ongoing destruction of middle class. But they will also lead to calls for increasing government funding of poverty programs.
But spending more money on existing programs won’t necessarily improve the situation. I know because I used to be a welfare caseworker. My firsthand experience was that, while keeping bad situations from getting worse, our public assistance programs also breed dependency, thus perpetuating cycles of poverty. In fact, I often felt the real purpose of our welfare system was just to allow most people to feel like they’re doing something to help poor people.
I believe our public assistance programs should focus more on removing barriers that prevent people from being self sufficient. I know this isn’t an original idea, but I think my firsthand experience gives me better insight into how to accomplish it. Some of my suggestions have already been implemented in some form in various places. But I think the following list should become the primary focus of our nation’s welfare system.
Poor People Need Affordable Transportation and Day Care
First, the primary obstacle to employment for poor parents with young children is the lack of safe and affordable day care. We can make the most difference with increased public welfare funding by putting the money into day care subsidies.
The next biggest employment obstacle for poor people is the lack of reliable and affordable transportation to get to their workplaces. We need to put more money into public transportation. People shouldn’t have to be able to afford to drive a car legally as a precondition for employment. Many poor people get ticketed for driving a car without current registration or insurance. Often, they can’t afford to pay the fines and this starts them on a downward spiral with the legal system, which reduces their chances of keeping or getting a decent job.
Most of the people living in poverty in America are children, and one of the primary reasons is an absent parent that isn’t contributing to their support – typically a man. We need to beef up funding for child support prosecutions. Many states are already doing this with significant success. But we need to create an environment where deadbeat dads know they will be quickly brought to justice and required to help pay for their children. A national media campaign would help.
And finally, we shouldn’t mess with Social Security or Medicare. The Census Bureau’s new poverty statistics show that if it weren’t for Social Security, the poverty rate among seniors 65 and older would rise to about 55%.
On Tuesday, October 29th, 2013, a large dust storm along Interstate 10 near Picacho Peak in Pinal County caused a 19-vehicle pileup that killed 3 people, and injured 12 more. Arizona residents driving between Phoenix and Tucson on this freeway have seen the barren Sonoran desert in this area, and know this is the kind of a spot where a killer dust storm could occur.
Most people probably think these are natural phenomena. But that’s not true. At the Arizona Chapter of the Wildlife Society’s “Wildlife First” symposium to promote public involvement in rangeland issues, held at ASU’s Polytechnic campy in Mesa on October 19th, ASU wildlife biologist David E. Brown explained that central Pinal County was historically covered with annual grasslands. He said these unique desert grasslands were fragile ecosystems that were virtually wiped out by the advent of cattle grazing. The early ranchers, he said, grazed the desert grass until it disappeared. With no protection from wind erosion, the top soil was damaged, and the land passed over an ecological threshold from which it might be impossible to recover, at least in human time frames. The results are the barren ground that now spawns the killer dust storms.
This is another example of the ecological holocaust cattle grazing has inflicted upon on the arid lands of Arizona, and the wildlife and people of Arizona too. These types of things should be included in our discussions about the state’s ranching heritage.